Pharmacological Treatments for Cardiac Neurosis

Cardiac Neurosis

Cardiac Neurosis is a condition that is characterized by a range of symptoms closely similar to that of a heart ailment. However, the examination results of patients diagnosed with a cardiac neurosis seldom shows that they have a heart ailment and their symptoms are just strongly linked to emotional disturbances and anxiety.

Some of the diagnostic symptoms of cardiac neurosis include several cardiovascular symptoms such as palpitations, precordial discomfort, tachycardia, arrhythmias, labile, dyspnea, hypotension, and hypertension. Patients may also experience drowsiness, fatigue, dizziness, nervousness, and irritability. Nevertheless, it is quite essential to consult your doctor in order to verify that the symptoms that you are experiencing are not caused by other diseases.

Even as of today, the pharmacological treatments involved for cardiac neurosis are still controversial since the cause of this ailment is primarily psychological.

There are several researchers that suggest the use of benzodiazepines, which is a drug that relieves symptoms of anxiety-depicted heart ailments through influencing the central nervous system. On the other hand, some medical researchers concede that anxiety is the result of perceiving somatic changes, thus suggests that it will be efficient to use drugs that will reduce functional cardiovascular symptoms in order to treat cardiac neurosis. This conclusion is based on a hypothesis that the cardiovascular symptoms experienced by patients are caused by the excessive activities of the sympathetic adrenal system. This is also in connection to patients who are more hypersensitive to beta- adrenergic receptors.

Furthermore, there are also strong receptions among researchers of using beta-adrenergic blocking medications for treating the cardiac neurosis syndrome. Many studies that involve the demonstration of beta-adrenergic blockers shows that they are as effective or even more effective than benzodiazepines with regards to treating cardiovascular conditions. Beta-blockers can also help in the improvement of mental symptoms. In addition, beta-adrenergic blockers do not show the risk of causing any drug dependence neither inducing reduced psychomotor performance.

What is a Benzodiazepine?

Benzodiazepine, sometimes also colloquially referred to as “benzo” or BZD, is a psychoactive medication. Its main chemical structure is composed of the fusion of a diazepine ring and a benzene ring. This drug promotes enhanced effectiveness of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid or GABA-A, that results properties of sedative, anxiolytic (anti-anxiety), hypnotic (sleep-inducing), muscle relaxant, and anticonvulsant.

The properties that compose benzodiazepines make this drug quite useful for treating conditions such as insomnia agitation, anxiety, seizures, alcohol withdrawal, muscle spasms, and premedication during dental procedures. Benzodiazepines can be either short-intermediate or long-acting.

For treating the primary cause of cardiac neurosis which anxiety, long-acting medication of benzodiazepines are highly recommended.